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What Is Chapter 8 Traffic Management

Chapter 8 Guidance

Chapter 8 regulations are a code of practice put in place to ensure people who work on the highway, maintaining the roads, can carry out and complete their daily jobs safely.  

What Is Chapter 8?

Chapter 8 is the eighth section of the Traffic Signs Manual issued by the Department for Transport. The Traffic Signs Manual has been developed to offer guidance on the use of traffic signs and road markings. Chapter 8 specifically refers to road works and temporary situations.

Who Created the Chapter 8 Regulations?

The regulations were created by the Department for Transport. They are responsible for creating policies and guidance for transport networks, as well as funding to English local authorities to run and maintain road networks, including public transport and freight travel.

What are the Chapter 8 Requirements?

A vehicle used for work purposes or for stopping on the motorway or any other high speed road requires Chapter 8 vehicle markings in order to meet the guidelines.

The Chapter 8 requirements are split out into three sections, each detailing what is required for temporary traffic management, including high visibility markings.

  1. Design – This document gives guidance on ‘the design of temporary traffic management arrangements’ to ensure that safety measures are met and can be clearly identified by other road users and pedestrians. This includes signs, lighting and road markings.
To find out more information please read the Department of Transport’s documentation.
  1. Operations – This document provides information on implementing, maintaining and removing any temporary traffic management arrangements that have previously been set up.
You can read the full guidance on Chapter 8 part 2 of the Traffic Signs Manual here.
  1. Update – this document provides an update on changes made to the 2016 documentation, alongside new guidance for lane control and how it can be applied.
Discover the full Traffic Signs Manual and read more about the update here.

Are Chapter 8 Chevrons Law?

Meeting the requirements set out in Chapter 8 of the Road Traffic Manual is currently not legislation in England however, the guidelines have been adopted as best practise by most organisations from local authorities to highway maintenance companies.

In Scotland and Wales vehicle conspicuity markings are a legal requirement.

As part of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974, employers have duties towards both employers and members of the public. Here at Chapter 8 Shop, we always recommend complying with the guidelines.

When Does My Vehicle Need to be Chapter 8 Compliant?

If your vehicle is stopping, or in use for work purposes on any highway or high-speed roads, it should be Chapter 8 compliant. Section 05.2.3 of Chapter 8 part 2 of the Traffic Signs Manual specifies that vehicles stopping on high-speed roads should use the following specifications for chevron markings:

  • Rear markings on cars and vans should be upward facing chevrons in alternating red and yellow stripes.
  • Each chevron stripe should be no less than 150mm in width and angled upwards between 45 and 60 degrees
  • The red stripes are to provide maximum night visibility and therefore must be of retro-reflective material
  • The yellow stripes should be non-reflective and fluorescent, contrasting with the red to provide sufficient daytime and dusk visibility.
  • Without obscuring windows, lighting and reg plates, the chevrons should cover as much of the rear as possible.

The table below illustrates the recommended specification for chevron markings by vehicle type for those driving on roads with a speed limit of above 40mph:

Vehicle Type

Chevron Marking Specification

Vehicles under 7.5 tonnes (typically cars and vans) operating and stopping on the public highway for work purposes

  • Rear chevrons in retro-reflective red & non-reflective fluorescent yellow
  • Red retro-reflective strips to mark any leading edges, including rear facing edges of doors, guardrails and equipment lockers
  • Highway or motorway maintenance signs mounted on the rear of the vehicle. This should be non-reflective black text on either a non-reflective, reflective or retro reflective yellow background
  • 50mm side markings made from a yellow retro reflective material applied to the length of the vehicle

Vehicles over 7.5 tonnes (this includes: spreaders, gritters, tippers and recovery trucks) operating and stopping on the public highway for work purposes

  • Rear chevrons in retro-reflective red & non-reflective fluorescent yellow
  • Red retro-reflective strips to mark any leading edges, including rear facing edges of doors, guardrails and equipment lockers
  • Highway or motorway maintenance signs mounted on the rear of the vehicle. This should be non-reflective black text on either a non-reflective, reflective or retro reflective yellow background
  • 50mm side markings made from a yellow retro reflective material applied to the length of the vehicle (ECE104)
  • Directional arrow as specified in Part 2: Operations Paragraph O10.7.5
  • Rear marker chevron boards (EC70/70.1)

All incident and mobile support units where the authority has not given a specification

  •  Rear chevrons in retro-reflective red & fluorescent yellow green
  • Red retro-reflective strips to mark any door edges
  • Highway or motorway maintenance signs mounted on the rear of the vehicle. This should be non-reflective black text on either a non-reflective, reflective or retro reflective yellow background

 

Whilst red and yellow chevrons are designed to offer greater conspicuity it is also acceptable for a complete covering of red retro-reflective material on the rear of the vehicle.

For those vehicles working on higher speed roads retro-reflective materials to class R3B should be used. For those working on low-speed roads under a 40mph limit it is acceptable to use Class R2 materials to meet the minimum retro-reflective requirements.

Please note Class R1 materials are not recommended for works vehicles.

For the full lowdown on all compliances, you can find the Chapter 8 part 2 of the Traffic Signs Manual here.

Van With Chapter 8 Compliant Chevrons

What are Chapter 8 Chevrons?

Chapter 8 chevrons are a combination of day and night conspucuity markings designed to ensure that vehicles are highly visible on UK highways. They are used to protect both the driver and other road users.

At Chapter 8 Shop, we supply everything your fleet needs to comply with the Chapter 8 guidelines. This includes chevrons that can be made to your custom size and signage covering an extensive range of vehicle makes and models.

Our chevron kits are designed with ease of application in mind, using only the highest quality and durable materials, keeping you safe on the roads.

What Chapter 8 Compliant Markings Are Available?

All our chevron kits fully comply with road visibility requirements laid out in Chapter 8 Part 2 of the Traffic Signs Manual. We are the only company in the UK to feature airflow technology, offering reduced risk of micro-bubbles and reduced application time.

We currently manufacture three grades of vehicle chevrons, and which one you’ll need will depend on the type of roads driven on. Read our guide below to find the right grade of chevron for your fleet.

Entry Grade (Engineering) Chevrons

  • Easy to fit – featuring a self-assembly kit form
  • Visibility of up to 400 metres
  • Airflow technology - reducing risk of micro bubbles, decreasing application time and making decommissioning easier
  • 3 years’ service life – as a minimum when applied correctly

Please note, our entry grade chevrons do not meet the legal requirements for Scotland and Wales and are not recommended for works vehicles.

Intermediate Grade Chevrons

These chevrons use microprismatic optical elements aligned in multiple directions to give a more uniform appearance.

  • Minimum recommendation for vehicles stopping on highways with passing traffic of 50+ mph
  • Class R3B – designed to meet colour and reflectivity requirements
  • Meets legal requirements – the minimum for Scotland and Wales
  • Easy to fit – featuring a self-assembly kit form
  • Visibility up to 750 metres
  • Airflow technology - reducing risk of micro bubbles, decreasing application time and making decommissioning easier
  • 5 years’ service life – as a minimum when applied correctly

Premium Plus Grade Chevrons

  • Specifically designed for motorway use
  • Class R3B – designed to meet colour and reflectivity requirements
  • Meets legal requirements – the minimum for Scotland and Wales
  • Easy to fit – the highly flexible material allows for fitting in less time than other grade chevrons. Plus, our ready to install kits mean that we have already applied the yellow panels to the red and it can be fitted directly to your vehicle straight from the box
  • Visibility up to 1,000 metres – exceeds the requirements set out by Chapter 8 of the Road Traffic Signs Manual and minimum requirements for Scotland and Wales
  • Airflow technology - reducing risk of micro bubbles, decreasing application time and making decommissioning easier
  • 5 years’ service life – as a minimum when applied correctly

All Chapter 8 chevrons are supplied with a 2-year warranty. Explore our range of Chapter 8 compliant markings or contact us if you require bespoke size chevrons.